Background and Aim
Abbreviations:AKI (acute kidney injury), aOR (adjusted odds ratios), CI (confidence interval), CPT (current procedural terminology), ESLD (end-stage liver disease), GEE (generalized estimated equations), GI (gastrointestinal), GLM (generalized linear model), HE (hepatic encephalopathy), ICD (international classification of disease), KDIGO (Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes), LOS (length of stay), MELD-Na (model for end-stage liver disease), NIS (national inpatient sample), PE (parameter estimate), RRT (renal replacement therapy), SBP (spontaneous bacterial peritonitis), SCr (serum creatinine), SD (standard deviation), SMT (standard medical treatment)
Publication stageIn Press Accepted Manuscript
Authors’ Contributions: All authors contributed to the conceptualization and methodology of the project. Santosh Telang and Kunal Lodaya contributed to the data curation, project administration, and the writing of the manuscript. All authors assisted with the reviewing and editing of the manuscript.
Funding: This study was supported and funded by Grifols, SSNA. The funders of this study had no role in the data collection, data analysis, data interpretation, or presentation of the results.
Conflict of interest: These authors disclose the following: Dr. Navreet Sindhwani and Dr. E. Anne Davis were employees of Grifols, SSNA while this study was being conducted. Santosh Telang was an employee of Boston Strategic Partners, Inc. while this study was being conducted. Dr. Karthik Raghunathan is a paid consultant for Grifols, SSNA. Further Information is available at https://openpaymentsdata.cms.gov/physician/803766. Dr. Kim is a paid consultant for Grifols, SSNA. The remaining authors disclose no conflicts.
Data transparency statement: All data are available to researchers who establish a data use agreement with Cerner. All relevant data summaries and analyses are provided in this manuscript and its accompanying supplemental material.
Ethical Statement: The corresponding author, on behalf of all authors, jointly and severally, certifies that their institution has approved the protocol for any investigation involving humans or animals and that all experimentation was conducted in conformity with ethical and humane principles of research.
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