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An Incidental Pancreatic Simple Mucinous Cyst Reveals an Incidental Well-Differentiated Neuroendocrine Tumor

Open AccessPublished:July 02, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gastha.2022.06.012
      A 61-year-old woman with tobacco abuse presented after screening computed tomography scans demonstrated an incidental large pancreatic body cyst with mural calcifications (Figure A). FNA showed macrophages and debris with an elevated CEA level. A mucinous cystic neoplasm was therefore presumed. A distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy specimen showed an 11.2 × 8.0 × 7.8-cm unilocular cyst with yellow viscous fluid, a tan yellow lining, and a 0.3- to 0.7-cm-thick rubbery wall (Figure B). Histologically, the cyst lining was mostly denuded with residual benign simple cuboidal gastric-type epithelium and underlying dense hyalinization and calcification without ovarian-type stroma (Figures C, D). An incidental well-differentiated (WHO grade 1) neuroendocrine tumor (NET) infiltrated the cyst wall diffusely (Figure D).
      Pancreatic simple mucinous cysts (SMCs) measure greater than 1.0 cm and occur mostly in asymptomatic postmenopausal women. They lack features of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms and mucinous cystic neoplasms. SMCs exhibit a rather benign behavior, but their neoplastic potential has been suspected with KRAS mutations demonstrated in 13%–55% of cases. As a result, the original designation of simple nonneoplastic cyst was changed to SMC.